## Task Teacher Guide

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### In This Taskâ€¦

Students will explore ratios represented as percentages.

### Intentionalityâ€¦

The purpose of the Day 2 activities is to reinforce key concepts from Day 1. Students will engage in a string of related problems through a math talk and will have an opportunity to complete independent purposeful practice. The math talk and purposeful practice serve to develop a deeper understanding of the following big ideas:

- A part of a whole represented as a percentage is a part-whole ratio whose whole is 100;
- A percentage is one of infinitely many equivalent part-whole ratios in a ratio relationship;
- A percentage can be used to scale in tandem and reveal an infinite number of equivalent ratios in a ratio relationship;
- Partitive division can be used to divide a percentage by 100 percent to reveal a rate for the proportional relationship.

## Math Talk

### Overview of This String of Related Problems

Present the following multiplicative comparison ratios one at a time leveraging the context from Day 1 of the Voting Booth problem based unit where the two numbers in the ratio represent the number of votes. Encourage students to represent the following ratios on a double number line with votes as one quantity and percentage as the other.

Then, ask students to express the number of votes for each participant as a percentage of the total votes.

40 : 6080 : 12020 : 3015 : 4518 : 30

Encourage students to utilize any tool of their choosing (other than a calculator) to assist them in this work. For example, a double number line could be beneficial to assist in completing this task. Since the sum of both quantities in this ratio represent 100% of the total votes, the bottom of the number line could span from 0 to 1 (or 0% to 100%) and the top of the number line could span from 0 to the sum of the parts. For example, in the second problem in the string, the top of the number line would span from 0 to 200 since 80 + 120 = 200.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #1

Show students the following visual math talk prompt and be prepared to pause where indicated to give appropriate think time:

The prompt builds off of the context from the first day of this problem based math unit where we ask students:

*What percentage of the total votes did Luca receive?*

*What percentage of the total votes did Ali receive?*

On the screen, students will see that Luca received 40 votes and Ali received 60 votes.Â

Some students may ask for clarification regarding how many people were a part of this vote. You can confirm that Luca and Ali were the only people involved in the vote and therefore the sum of their votes represents the total number of votes.

While students are free to leverage strategies and models of their choosing, you may ask students if you can represent their thinking on a double number line (or stacked bar model) similar to the following:

This first prompt provides quite a low floor to allow all students to enter the problem and to reiterate or review what a percentage is and how they can be helpful when comparing two or more quantities like we see in this context.

After students arrive at the final answers of 40% and 60%, you can also line the bars up to make these quantities more explicit as youâ€™ll see in the following screenshot.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #2

Carry on with the second visual math talk prompt video:

We slightly raise the floor by asking the same question, except we have another vote involving Sonya who received 80 votes and Ali who received 120 votes.Â

As we did previously, weâ€™ll allow students to solve using their own strategies and models, but encouraging a linear model when representing student thinking.

Here, we can see that the total number of votes is 200, which can be represented as 100% and from there, we can partition to reveal that 80 votes represents 40% of the total votes and 120 votes represents the remaining 60%.

It can be helpful to highlight that in the second vote, the number of votes received by each participant has doubled, yet the percentage of the whole remains the same.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #3

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### Visual Math Talk Prompt #4

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### Visual Math Talk Prompt #5

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## Purposeful Practice

### While Students Are Practicing…

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### Purposeful Practice: Ratios as Percentages

**Question #1:**

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**Question #2:**

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We suggest collecting this reflection as an additional opportunity to engage in the formative assessment process to inform next steps for individual students as well as how the whole class will proceed.

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## Explore The Entire Unit of Study

This Make Math Moments Task was designed to spark curiosity for a multi-day unit of study with built in purposeful practice, and extensions to elicit and emerge mathematical models and strategies.

Click the links at the top of this task to head to the other related lessons created for this unit of study.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #1

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #2

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #3

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### Visual Math Talk Prompt #4

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### Visual Math Talk Prompt #5

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### 1. Gavin received…

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### 2. Represent the…

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### 3. Meenu planted…

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### 4. Describe a context…

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