## PLANTING FLOWERS [DAY 4]

### RATIOS AND RATES

Introduction to ratios and rates. Students will explore both types of ratios; composed units and multiplicative comparison. They will use partitive division to reveal a rate and quotative division to determine a scale factor.

#### Intentionality

#### Math Talk

#### Visual Math Talk Prompt #1

#### Visual Math Talk Prompt #2

#### Visual Math Talk Prompt #3

#### Visual Math Talk Prompt #4

#### Purposeful Practice

#### Resources & Downloads

#### Educator Discussion Area

## Intentionality & Unit Overview

### Length of Unit: 5 Days

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Students will explore multiplicative comparison ratios and reveal scale factors through quotative division.

**Intentionality…**

The purpose of the Day 4 activities is to reinforce key concepts from Day 3. Students will engage in a string of related problems through a math talk and will have an opportunity to complete independent purposeful practice. The math talk and purposeful practice serve to develop a deeper understanding of the following big ideas.

- There are two types of ratios; composed unit and multiplicative comparison;
- A multiplicative comparison is a ratio with the same unit;
- The scale factor between a multiplicative comparison can be revealed through quotative division.

## Math Talk

Present the following multiplicative comparison ratios one at a time. Create a context to define the units for each ratio. Focus on ratios with the same units. For each ratio, determine the scale factor. How many times greater. Encourage students to use a model to justify their thinking.

A possible context to consider would be leveraging the height of sunflowers (or other plants).

For the first problem in this string, your prompt might sound like:

One rosebush is currently 32 cm tall, while a tulip is 8 cm tall. How many times taller is the rosebush than the tulip? What fraction of the whole rosebush is the height of the tulip?

If you begin with a context comparing lengths, then you might consider continuing with length comparisons.

32 : 8

42 : 6

55 : 10

30 : 9

As an additional opportunity to extend, you can also explore the smaller quantity relative to the larger if you feel it is appropriate based on student readiness. For example, 32 is four times greater than 8 or you could say that 8 is one fourth as great as 32.

32 cm ÷ 8 cm per group = 4 groups

8 cm ÷ 32 cm per group = ¼ groups

You can learn more about rates, ratios and the roadmap to proportional relationships through the course: The Concept Holding Your Students Back.

While you can facilitate this math talk by verbally stating the context and modelling student thinking on a chalkboard/whiteboard or with digital ink, you might find it helpful to leverage the **visual math talk videos **with built in “pause” prompts to allow for student thinking time.

## Visual Math Talk Prompt #1

The first visual math talk prompt in this string of related problems is actually two (2) prompts related to the multiplicative comparison ratio 32:8 comparing the height of a rosebush and a tulip.

You can facilitate this verbally or consider leveraging the silent solution visual math talk prompt video below:

We begin with comparing how many times bigger the 32 cm rosebush is than the 8 cm tulip.

While students are encouraged to leverage the strategy and mathematical model of their choosing, modelling for the group using bars or a double number line can be helpful to see the iterations of one quantity compared to the other to reveal a scale factor.

The first prompt also asks students what fraction of the whole rosebush is the height of the tulip.

Some of the same models can be leveraged to now multiplicatively compare the height from the other perspective. Now, we’re looking for how many fractional iterations or copies of the rosebush height can we see in the height of the tulip?

It will soon become apparent that the tulip is 1 fourth the height of the rosebush and therefore, we can say that **the tulip is 1 fourth times as tall as the rosebush** on average.

## Visual Math Talk Prompt #2

The second visual math talk prompt in this string of related problems is also two (2) prompts, but this time related to the multiplicative comparison ratio 42:6.

Again, facilitate this verbally or consider leveraging the silent solution visual math talk prompt video below:

Similar to problem #1, we begin with comparing how many times bigger the taller rosebush is than the shorter tulip.

By leveraging quotative division, students will be able to see that seven (7) copies of the tulip’s height is equivalent to the height of the rosebush.

As we now compare the heights from the perspective of the shorter flower, students may begin to recognize the reciprocal relationship we are emerging.

Since the rosebush is 7 times the height of the tulip, the tulip must be 1 seventh as tall as the rosebush.

## Visual Math Talk Prompt #3

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## Visual Math Talk Prompt #4

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## Purposeful Practice

## While Students Are Practicing…

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## Questions: Ratios

**Question #1:**

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**Question #2:**

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**Question #3:**

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## Resources & Downloads

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## Educator Discussion Area

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