## Task Teacher Guide

Be sure to read the teacher guide prior to running the task. When you’re ready to run the task, use the tabs at the top of the page to navigate through the lesson.

### In This Task…

Students will model comparison subtraction contexts involving positive and negative integers and solve.

### Intentionality…

In this task, students will leverage the subtraction structure of comparison. They will explore the context of comparing floors in an apartment building. Students will use a number line to compare the magnitude between two floors, represented by integers. Some of the big ideas revealed in today’s lesson include:

- Situations involving addition and subtraction can be modelled using a number line;
- Integers include zero, all whole numbers and their opposites;
- Integers represented on a number line show their relative distance from zero;
- An integer can represent a change or a quantity;
- Two integers can be represented as positions on a number line to determine the distance between them (magnitude);
- The order in which a subtraction statement is written is important.

## Spark

### What Do You Notice? What Do You Wonder?

Show students the following video:

Then, ask students:

What do you notice?What do you wonder?

Give students 60 seconds (or more) to do a rapid write on a piece of paper.

Then, ask students to share with their neighbours for another 60 seconds.

Finally, allow students to share with the entire group.

Some of the noticing and wondering that came up in a class recently included:

- I notice a building.
- I notice there are floors below the ground.
- I notice cars parked on different floors below ground.
- I notice people on different floors.
- I wonder which car belongs to whom?
- I wonder if that is an elevator in the middle?
- I wonder how long the elevator takes to get to the person’s car.

At this point, you can answer any notices and wonders that you can cross off the list right away. Confirm for students that this building is in fact an apartment building with underground parking for the residents. The person lives on the 18th floor and their reserved parking spot is on the third floor below ground level.

## Sense Making

### Crafting A Productive Struggle: Prompt

Since you have already taken some time to set the context for this problem and student curiosity is already sparked, we have them in a perfect spot to help push their thinking further and **fuel sense making.**

Share the following prompt.

Next, share the following visual prompt briefly and ask the following question:

**How many floors does the person need to travel by elevator from their car to their apartment? Use a model to justify your answer. Write an equation to represent this scenario. **

## During Moves

### While Students Are Productively Struggling…

**Login/Join to access the entire Teacher Guide, downloadable slide decks and printable handouts for this lesson and all problem based units.**

### Student Approach #1: Using a Pictorial Representation and Counting

**Login/Join to access the entire Teacher Guide, downloadable slide decks and printable handouts for this lesson and all problem based units.**

### Student Approach #2: Using a Number Line and Reasoning

**Login/Join to access the entire Teacher Guide, downloadable slide decks and printable handouts for this lesson and all problem based units.**

## Next Moves

### Consolidation: Making Connections

### Reveal

### Reflect

Provide students an opportunity to reflect on their learning by offering these consolidation prompts to be completed independently.

**Consolidation Prompt #1:**

**Consolidation Prompt #2:**

We suggest collecting this reflection as an additional opportunity to engage in the formative assessment process to inform next steps for individual students as well as how the whole class will proceed.

**Download Editable/Printable Handout**

Become a member to access purposeful practice to display via your projector/TV, download the PDF to upload to your LMS and/or print for students to have a physical copy

## Resources and Downloads

## Lesson Tip Sheet

Download the lesson plan in PDF format so you can keep it handy and share with colleagues.

## Videos & Images

Download the videos, images, and related media files to your computer to avoid streaming.

## Keynote Slides

Download in Apple Keynote format to avoid streaming video and run the lesson smoothly.

## PowerPoint Slides

Download in Microsoft PowerPoint format to avoid streaming video and run the lesson smoothly.

## Printable Handout

Download/Edit the handout so you can keep it handy and share with colleagues.

## Explore The Entire Unit of Study

This Make Math Moments Task was designed to spark curiosity for a multi-day unit of study with built in purposeful practice, and extensions to elicit and emerge mathematical models and strategies.

Click the links at the top of this task to head to the other related lessons created for this unit of study.

### Consolidation Prompt #1

### Consolidation Prompt #2

**Download Editable/Printable Handout**

Become a member to access purposeful practice to display via your projector/TV, download the PDF to upload to your LMS and/or print for students to have a physical copy