## Task Teacher Guide

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### In This Purposeful Practice…

Students will continue developing their ability to represent fractions for the purpose of adding. We will also continue investigating the size, attribute of and relationship between metric units of measure.

### Intentionality…

The purpose of the Day 4 activities is to reinforce key concepts from the previous lessons in this unit. Students will engage in a string of related problems through a math talk and will have an opportunity to complete independent purposeful practice. The math talk and purposeful practice serve to develop a deeper understanding of the following big ideas:

**Number:**

- Fractions can be represented in a variety of ways;
- How you partition the whole determines the fractional unit (i.e.: partitioning a whole into 6 parts will result in 6 sixth parts);
- As you partition a whole into more parts, the smaller the size of each part;
- As you partition a whole into more parts, the larger the denominator;
- The numerator indicates the number of parts relative to the number of parts in the whole indicated by the denominator;
- Fractional amounts exist between whole numbers;
- Different denominators can be used to represent equivalent quantities;
- A multiplicative relationship exists between unit fractions (i.e.: one-sixth is one-half of one-third and one third is twice as big as one-sixth); and,
- The commutative and associative properties of addition (
*this big idea may emerge through student strategies*)

**Measurement: **

- Units of measure have different sizes and attributes; and,
- As the size of the unit of measure decreases, the number of iterations of that unit required to measure a quantity increases (and vice versa).

## Math Talk

### Related String of Problems

Ask students to reason through the following addition sentences.

It might be helpful to share a context that will serve to emerge the number line or bar model as a tool.

For example, leveraging the context of the Wooly Worm Race could be helpful using a story similar to:

During off-season training, Yo Gabba Gabba practiced for a “two-heat” competition where the total distance of two races are measured to determine the winner. Here are the results measured for Yo Gabba Gabba. What was his total distance in each set of two-heats?

Big ideas that should emerge include the relationship between the denominators and equivalence.

three-fourths + five-fourths

seven-eighths + one and two-eighths

1 1/2 + 3/4

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In this string we have used words as well as standard notation. We are also asking students to be flexible with both mixed numbers and improper fractions.

Through this string of related problems, it may be possible to highlight the commutative and associative properties of addition through student strategies as they justify their thinking.

For example, in the second expression, a student might see that ⅞ is one eight less than one. If they decompose the two-eights in the second addend, and add one-eight to the first addend, then they will be adding 1 and 1 and one-eight.

Watch this short silent solution animation to gain a better understanding of how the **commutative** and **associative** **properties** can be leveraged to handle this addition sentence more flexibly:

Here’s a screenshot of the final frame of the video:

Similar use of decomposing, disassociating, commuting and reassociating to compose a new, more helpful or convenient quantity can be leveraged in some of the other related problems in this string.

For example, in the last expression, a student may decompose and take 3/3 (or 1 whole) from the first addend and combine it with 6/6 (or 1 whole) from the second, leaving them with the opportunity to work with the remaining ⅓ and 5/6.

A student may further notice that adding ⅓ + ⅚ is the same as adding ⅓ + 4/6 + ⅙ or ⅓ + ⅔ + ⅙ which will result in 1 + ⅙ or 1 and ⅙ to be added to the other two wholes that were already created through leveraging the commutative and associative properties of addition.

**Purposeful Practice**

### While Students Are Practicing…

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### Questions: Representing and Adding Fractions & Selecting and Converting Metric Units

**Question #1:**

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Based on the student thinking demonstrated on this purposeful practice, provide students with descriptive feedback – written, verbal, or both – which includes next steps students should take prior to engaging in the assessment provided in the next lesson.

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## Explore The Entire Unit of Study

This Make Math Moments Task was designed to spark curiosity for a multi-day unit of study with built in purposeful practice, and extensions to elicit and emerge mathematical models and strategies.

Click the links at the top of this task to head to the other related lessons created for this unit of study.

### Set 1 of Yo Gabba Gabba’s Two-Heat Results…

*three fourths + five-fourths*

### Set 2…

*seven-eighths + one and two-eighths*

### Set 3…

*1 ½ + ¾ *

### Set 4…

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### Set 5…

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### 1. Two earthworms…

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### 2. The first official…

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### 3. A second official decides to…

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