## Task Teacher Guide

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### In This Purposeful Practice…

Students will continue exploring displayed categorical data sets with measurements in fractions of a unit and determining the difference between two data points.

### Intentionality…

The purpose of the Day 2 activities is to reinforce key concepts from Day 1. Students will engage in a math talk and will have an opportunity to complete independent purposeful practice. The math talk and purposeful practice serve to develop a deeper understanding of the following big ideas.

- There are different types of data;
- Categorical data refers to a data type that can be identified based on the names or labels given to them;
- Categorical data is either nominal or ordinal;
- Bar graphs are used to compare and contrast numbers, frequencies or other measures of
**distinct categories of data;** - The numerical values of a data set need to be considered when a scale is chosen;
- A fraction can represent a part of a whole;
- A structure of subtraction is comparison or difference.

## Visual Math Talk

### Overview of This Visual Math Talk

Present the following series of **Visual Math Talk Prompts** to students involving a bar graph displaying the length of eight fox snakes in metres.

Students will be asked to draw conclusions about the data on display.

Some questions students will encounter and you should consider asking include:

- What can you tell me about the length of these snakes?
- Why do you think they selected a bar graph?
- What would happen to the bars if we change the scale to one-tenth of a metre?
- What is the length of the shortest snake?
- What is the length of the longest snake?
- What is the difference between the length of the shortest and longest snake?

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #1

Show students the following visual math talk prompt and be prepared to pause the video where indicated:

Then ask students:

What is the approximate length of each snake?Make an estimate.

Some students may immediately notice that they can measure with certainty the length of both snakes 3 and 4 at 2 metres and 1 metre in length respectively. However, the remaining 6 snakes will require them to make * fractional estimates* based on their spatial reasoning and understanding of fractional quantities.

Give students an opportunity to estimate and discuss with their neighbours. You might also encourage them to use the template included in the editable Lesson Template and Consolidation Prompts document for students to partition the snakes into halves, fourths, eighths and/or thirds, sixths, etc. to help them improve their precision.

After students have updated their estimates and shared with the group, you can share the actual lengths of each snake and celebrate students who had reasonable estimates relatively close to the actual lengths shown.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #2

Show students the following visual math talk prompt and be prepared to pause the video where indicated:

Then ask students:

What is the difference between the length of the shortest and longest snake?Craft a convincing argument without the use of a calculator.

It is likely that most students will be able to identify the shortest (snake 1) and longest (snake 7), however determining an accurate * difference in length* may be more challenging.

However, encourage students to * compare* the length of both snakes and even come up with the closest number of whole metres to represent the difference.

Is snake 7 about:

- the same length as snake 1?
- about 1 metre longer?
- 2 metres longer?
- 3 metres longer?
- What seems reasonable?

After students share their thinking here, ask them to be more precise.

Promote students leveraging a model of their choice to help justify their thinking. Since the bar graph has a nice linear model (number line) at the bottom, some students might do “jumps” in full metres and fractional metres until they reach the length of snake 7 to determine a more precise length.

Highlight student strategies and models leveraged and also model the symbolic representation(s) they are sharing so they can make connections between the visual and symbolic/abstract representations.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #3

Show students the following visual math talk prompt and be prepared to pause the video where indicated:

Then ask students:

How much longer is snake 7 than snake 6?Use a model to be convincing.

Once again, give students an opportunity to estimate first, then craft a more precise difference in length between snake 6 and 7.

You might even encourage them explicitly to leverage a bar model or number line to help them convince you.

As students share their approaches, ensure that you model their visual representations as well as modelling their thinking symbolically to promote connection making between representations.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #4

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### Visual Math Talk Prompt #5

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### Visual Math Talk Prompt #6

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## Purposeful Practice

### While Students Are Practicing…

### Questions: Displaying & Interpreting Data

We suggest collecting this reflection as an additional opportunity to engage in the formative assessment process to inform next steps for individual students as well as how the whole class will proceed.

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## Resources and Downloads

## Lesson Tip Sheet

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## Videos & Images

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## Keynote Slides

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## PowerPoint Slides

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## Printable Handout

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## Explore The Entire Unit of Study

This Make Math Moments Task was designed to spark curiosity for a multi-day unit of study with built in purposeful practice, and extensions to elicit and emerge mathematical models and strategies.

Click the links at the top of this task to head to the other related lessons created for this unit of study.

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #1

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #2

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #3

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #4

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #5

### Visual Math Talk Prompt #6

### Question #1

### Question #2

### Question #3

### Question #4

### Question #5

**Download Editable/Printable Handout**

Become a member to access purposeful practice to display via your projector/TV, download the PDF to upload to your LMS and/or print for students to have a physical copy